The surface area of a tooth consists of pits (hollows) and fissures (grooves) that help us chewing and grinding the food. This is the exact place where the food gets stuck and if teeth are not brushed and flossed properly, the chance for cavities is quite high. However, there is a solution that dentists recommend and that is fissure sealant which is used for prevention against caries for both deciduous (milk) and young permanent teeth. This procedure is applied to the lateral teeth whose anatomomorphology contains fissures and pits on the dental relief, which in turn causes rapid accumulation of plaque and the development of caries at an early age.
For whom and when is this treatment recommended?
The treatment of fissures and pits sealing is recommended for every child when the teeth are still healthy, ie when there are no signs of caries on the tooth surfaces. The best time frame for this procedure is when the first deciduous teeth erupt in the period from the 14th to the 33rd postnatal month and with the eruption of permanent lateral teeth around 6 and 7 years of age. Sealing the fissures of the deciduous teeth guarantees its long-term survival in the dental canal and causes prevention of their premature loss, which in turn could cause cause disease or malocclusion of permanent teeth.
Is this treatment painful for children?
The procedure of fissures sealing is a non-invasive completely painless treatment that is well accepted by children. The whole procedure lasts about 10 minutes and it begins with the removal of soft plaque and tooth polishing or preparation for fissure sealing and then the sealant is applied to the tooth relief, which completes the treatment. Currently, glass-ionomer cement or composites are most commonly used as sealant agents.
Fissure sealants are present in various colors:
- transparent sealants - these are colorless
- sealants with natural tooth color
- colored sealants - which are most popular among children, present in all colors.
Take this preventive step today and make an appointment.