Monday 21 September 2020

Periodontal Disease


 Periodontal disease degenerates the bone and soft tissues that support the teeth themselves caused by bacteria (germs) present in the inflammatory process. It affects one or more teeth. Most often due to lack of hygiene, dental plaque starts to build up on teeth. The gums are reddening, swollen and gradually start bleeding. This phenomenon is called gingivitis. Longer persistence of gingivitis when untreated transforms into periodontitis. Over time, plaque bacteria begin to produce toxins that irritate the gums and inflammation becomes chronic. As such, it leads to loss of bone and soft tissues - the natural teeth supporters. This phase is followed by stability destruction, thus to gradual teeth loss.

In order to avoid or at least slow down the progress of gingivitis, it is essential to regularly brush your teeth, floss and visit the dentist for a check up, early diagnosis and  get advice on preventive measures.

Tuesday 15 September 2020

What is Endodontic Treatment?


 Endodontic treatment or tooth devitalisation is made when the soft part of the tooth, i.e. the pulp or nerve is inflamed or infected, which may be a consequence of deep cavity, inadequate medical treatment, crack or a tooth trauma. The pulp treatment and healing is done under anesthesia (if necessary) and it is completely painless. Very often the root canals are anatomically different, curved and narrow, which takes appropriate modern treatment i.e. technical treating of the root system itself. In our dental office we work with modern equipment and powerful methods and techniques, however there are often unsuccessful endodontic cases where previously treated teeth are poorly filled or contributed to a broken instrument.

Yet, these cases can be successful if retreated. In addition, the earlier you visit the dentist the better, since the chances to save your teeth are much higher.

Thursday 10 September 2020

Teeth Whitening, Effect, Duration, Age?


Nowadays, teeth whitening is a popular procedure for those who want a bright and esthetic smile. It can be done professionally at the dentist and it is a painless procedure. The color change may vary from one to three shades, depending on the teeth natural color of the patient. To maintain long-lasting effect, it is recommended to repeat the procedure every 6 to 12 months. The effect and benefits of whitening depend on a several factors, such as consumption of tobacco, coffee, tea, wine, colored food, regular oral hygiene and dental visit. Another procedure that can be performed is home teeth whitening however, results from this procedure are achieved slowly. Usually the dentist provides a silicone guard and whitening paste as well as guides the patient how to use it at home.

Teeth whitening is recommended to be done above the age of 18 when the mineralization of the enamel is already finished, which on the other hand at younger age the physiological procedures are still in growth and development.

Wednesday 2 September 2020

Causes for Tooth Sensitivity

We are quite sure plenty have felt the uncomfortable pain caused by the food we enjoy most, whether it is cold or hot or it tastes sweet or sour. There are several reasons for teeth sensitivity: cavities, abraded enamel, retracted gums i.e root visibility or old and broken tooth seal. 

Let us first briefly explain what is tooth morphology, so you may get a clear-cut picture of the tooth layers. and its parts. The tooth crown or simply the visible part of the tooth is covered with enamel (the hardest substance in the human body). Under the enamel there is dentin, easily porous and soft substance and then follows the tooth nerve or pulp. The root anchors the tooth firmly to the bone, it is covered with cement and underneath there is a layer of dentin and finally the pulp. If this balanced physiological integrity is disturbed, i.e the protective layer of enamel and cement is affected, it contributes to an easy transmission of the stimuli to the pulp itself.